Bonfire Night Spectacular...November
Gunpowder, Treason, Plot...
and Execution.....80 Years of History!
1605, a conspiracy was instigated to
overthrow the King, James Ist, a devout protestant and the
reigning monarch, as well as his government that held
the power in England at the time.
an assembly of conspirators all agreed and derived a plan
to "Blow up the House of Parliment" and those that were
in "sitting", including the King - to blow them all
to "high heaven".
was an unexcusable act of treason against King
and Country, the consequences if caught were unimaginable,
their wish and conspiracy if successfull, was to replace
him with a Catholic King.
main instigator of this pre-meditated crime was Guy Fawkes or
commonly known as (Guido Faux), who was born on 13th April, 1570
in Stonegate, Yorkshire, he was baptized in St Michael's Church,
York, as a devout Protestant...he would never have considered
it under any circumstances to change his religion, but
when he was to finally die he would become a devout catholic...!!!
were all determined that this would become a turning point
for Britain, if this could be carried out successfully, then everything
would change for the people of the country...after great
deliberation, the conspiritors all agreed and went ahead with
hoped for massive explosion would not only partially destroy the
building, but was without question hoping that it would bring
the Government and King to it's knees and capitulate.
to their attempted coup, commonly named "The Gunpowder Plot",
several dozen barrels of gunpowder were secreted into a cellar under
the House of Lords, in the Houses of Parliment.
Guy Fawkes had the dubious and dangerous task of
setting off the charge, and getting out of Parliment before
it exploded...hopefully, without being seen or caught in this
well guarded building.
was not, as is commonly believed today, ready with his lighted
torch or match ready to ignite the trail of gunpowder that
led to the barrels, but was in fact guarding the "charge"
ready for the correct time when Parliment and the King would be
seated in the building above...in a few hours time.
he would to put flame to gunpowder, flee the building in every endeavour
to escape and wait in trepidation for the massive expolosion!
for him, he was seen inside the building's cellar at midnight
on November 4th, 1605, he was prepared and waiting for
the hours to pass, but was immediately seized by guards
notoriously ill -famed Judge was immediately ordered to travel
to London, from his manor of Littlecote House in Hungerford,
Berkshire. Judge Popham would command the proceedings and
trial against Guy Fawkes, and the names of those who conspired
with him against the King and government, this would unquestionably
be tortured out of him!.
known and notorious in his vehement decisions for justice, Popham's
absolute condemnation against him was soon to be announced, this trial
was to be one of the most sensational of the day in British history.
As the trial commenced, Guy Fawkes was to come under the
severest of verbal interrogations by the infamous judge.
JudgePopham sentenced him to not only to horrendous torture in
a final bid to extricate from him the names of his fellow
conspiritors, but then made the final judgement, by condeming
him to death!
the excruiating torture that Guy had to endure in the Tower
of London on the dreaded "Rack", he could not hold out
from the intense agony that he suffered and gave in, hence,
gave the names of his co-conspirators in a futile attempt to stop
whom Guy Fawkes denounced were;
Wintour, Thomas Percy, Robert Wintour, Christopher Wright, Robert
Catesby, John Wright, Thomas Bates.These were quickly rounded
up and arrested, imprisoned and in great fear and trepidation
as to what they would soon have to endure by the
sentence of Judge Popham, as they were the ones who had supported
the initial conspiracy.
absolutely no mercy was shown to any of them, in regard to
what they were all to eventually face.
members of this gang of traitors were named as - Sir
Everard Digby and Ambrose Rookwood, who would also face the terrible
agony...the same fate and horrendous death as the rest of their
were all tried at Westminster Hall in January 1606, Judge Popham
displayed no mercy, as all were sentenced to be - Hung -
Drawn - Quartered...!!! The first executions took place on January
30th, 1606, the first three were all put to death near St
Paul's Church, London, whilst the others were put to death the
following day on January 31st, at the Old Place Yard, in front
of the Houses of Parliment. Guy Fawkes, was taken from
the Tower of London to the scaffold with tied hands
and dragged by a horse laying on a wooden wicker sledge to
the place of execution, as were all the rest of his fellow conspirators,they were
all to suffer the same exact terrible agonising death...
was hung by rope until partially strangled and near to unconciousness
then revived, only to be then disembowelled by having his
entrails / intestines viciously cut out of his abdomen, he would
also suffer emasculation (a cutting off of the genitals / castrated) which
were then thrown into a fire and burnt, if he should
die with the pain then he was fortunate...then his heart
was cut out.
his head was severed from his body, the final act of this
sadistic execution, his body was cut in four pieces,
his head and the four body quarters were parboiled, so they would
not deteriorate too quickly whilst hung-up on the spikes, and
placed on London Bridge.
would be seen by the thousands of passers-by every
day, a clear and horrific display that the death sentence had
been carried out against a traitor of England and of the King...but
also a severe warning as to what would happen to anyone who was
determined to undermine the King and Country with any treasonous
sadistic means of death was first invented in 1241, to execute
a pirate as punishment for his crimes, from that time on, this
was desired by the government to be continued as a practise to
are few rumors as to who started this annual anniversary
to remember those who had been executed in 1606. It is believed
to have been a Mark Antony Lower, who in the 19th century began
the dubious honour of starting this celebration every year in
remembrance of those who had been executed, hence it became a
cult following, on behalf of the "Sussex Martyrs".
that time and nearly every year since, apart from the Second World
War years it was banned, when in 1945 Guy Fawkes night was
resumed in 1945 at the end of the war to commemorate this
remarkable event in English history, which was to be remembered
on this date - November 5th!
almost every town in Kent, Sussex, Surrey and across the
country, this celebration and tradition was held in ernest
for the last 150 years, as it became one of England's most celebrated
occasions, where hundreds of thousands of people would remember
the tragic but brave conspirators who endeavoured to destroy Parliment
and bring a new government for the people of the country at that
were made in the likeness of Guy Fawkes from paper, cardboard,
paper-mache' and wood, even a song was written in his
memory, this being sung before the final act of lighting the bonfire
where the Guy was to be placed on the top...and burnt.
the bonfire grew in heat and the flames blazing, it
was accompanied with a hail of fireworks blasting into the heavens
in the sole purpose of giving all those present a memory
of what he - Guy Fawkes and his fellow conspirators - had tried
to do for those in 1605...and for England, on this day!
many counties across the country this event is celebrated by large
bonfire's and firework displays, even in individual homes families
get together with either a bonfire and fireworks, or just fireworks
to celebrate this day. Other counties especially in Kent, Surrey
and Sussex, they hold great festival events in celebration of
the death of Guy Fawkes - with a huge parades, bands, tableau's,
music, all in a procession of people holding torches following a
determined route in each town, so that everyone can come and see
this annual event being staged, in every effort to raise money
for local charities from every town.
Edenbridge Bonfire Night
|The Edenbridge Bonfire Night has been involved in this for many, many years now, and such personalities as - Eva Bartok, and the "Great Man" himself - Winston Churchill - as well as film personalities, actors and actresses have visited the town to open the Edenbridge Bonfire Spectacular...in times long ago!
local companies supported the Edenbridge Bonfire Night in the
past and are always remembered by their continued generous efforts
to keep this night "alive" in the town, who gave
their lorries and vehicles for the ever immaculate tableau's that
many of us can remember riding on or walking alongside with torches,
to make this a wonderful night for all who came to this little
town of Edenbridge to see some of the best processions and firework
displays in all of Kent...and no doubt in all of the South of
who supported the Edenbridge Bonfire Night back in the 40's, 50's,
60's were -
Haulage Company - x 2 Lorries
- x 4 Lorries
Smiths Removals & Coal Delivery - x 4 Lorries
Honours Mill - x 5 Lorries
Parton - x 2 Lorries
Alf Holland & Sons - x2 Lorries & Tractor
Farmers - Donated Many Tractors & Trailers
well as many local individual's who prepared magnificent floats
which were dressed up in wonderful colours, with followers
on the float's and walking alongside dressed in a wonderful array
of fancy costumes with torches, such were the tableau's on the Skeynes
Estate, prepared and funded by...Mrs Fulham, Mr & Mrs Moon,
and Mrs Stowell...fabulous times!
fact nearly every local business was involved in supporting the
Edenbridge Bonfire Night...much to their delight and pleasure,
coachloads of people would come down from London for this special
occasion and have a wonderful night.
was the time when the Bonfire started off at the Dairy, Marlpit
Hill, then made it's way through the town to finally
be held in "Town Field" in Hever Road, behind the Maidstone
& District Bus Company Depot.
the torches were made of - Tow - and soaked in paraffin then wired
by hand by dozens of helpers to hold the material which everyone
would carry to light their way...Yes, those were the good old
day's of this great event for the town of Edenbridge...!!!
the 50's the procession started in Stangrove Road, went through
the High Street up to the hospital, then back through the town
into Lingfield Road, up through Crouch House Road to Stangrove
Road, through the town again to "Town Field" in Hever
procession is generally headed by "The Bishop", this
prominent position was held by Ken Brown for many years, he was
well known, very friendly and a likeable man, who gave the Edenbridge
Bonfire his full support. Following in his Grandfather's footsteps
is the "New Bishop" the Grandson of Ken - Jamie Wheeler,
who with pride leads the procession and continues to uphold the
name in the family honours of the Edenbridge Bonfire!
year many in fancy dress follow the bonfire route hoping for donations
from well wishers, so that these generous donations can be given
to those local charities that are in need of support.
forgetting those who for many years in the past combined their
every effort to put on the best display of torchlight parades,
tableau's and music that Edenbridge has ever seen.
All For Keeping "The Bonfire Night"....A Night to Remember...For
the Town of Edenbridge...!!!
HERE TO ALL THE GALLERY IMAGES FROM 1936 ON)
Images and Story are the copyright of - Kentishtowns - and
therefore no illegal use of the images used for this story or
on any images on Kentishtowns websites are to be copied or used
without prior written permission!
and Story written by Ian R. Bridle.