to do if there's a fire !
you would like free advice on making your fire action plan, contact
your local Fire Brigade. The number is in your local
phone book.If your smoke Alarm went off in the night
would you know what to do ? Use this information to make a fire
action plan for your home.
1. Take everyone into account
your fire action plan with everyone in your household, especially
children and elderly or disabled people.
Close the door and follow the
safety steps above.
Your best escape route is your normal way in and out of your home.
on a different route as well, in case the normal one is blocked.
all escape routes clear.
Tell everyone in your household where you keep your door and window
You can be safe as well as secure if you make sure that anyone
that needs to get out in an emergency can easily open doors and
When it's safer to stay in your home
your escape route is blocked, it may be safer to stay put and
protect yourself until the fire brigade arrives.
a suitable room now. Choose one with a window that opens and,
if possible, a phone so that you can call 999.
the stairs in a block of flats are blocked by fire or smoke, don't
use the lift. Stay calm and go back inside your flat - it's designer
to keep fire out.
Fit smoke alarms on each floor level in your home
If you don't have working smoke alarms in your home, your
chances of surviving a fire when you are asleep are almost zero.
Test your smoke alarms every month and replace batteries once
a year. If your smoke alarms keep going off, don't disconnect
They are only doing there job.
Ask the Fire Brigade about the best place to put them so that
they won't keep going off, for example, when you are cooking.
Keep doors closed at night
This will help the spread of fire and smoke.
Do a safety check before you go to bed each night.
The more electrical appliances you can switch off
at the wall socket, the safer you will be. Check gas appliances
and put a spark guard in front of open fires.
out cigarette ends and candles properly.
Always keep matches and cigarettes lighters away from children.
Practice your fire action plan
what to do and acting quickly will save lives.
Regularly take a few minutes to walk the escape route with everyone
in your household and check that everyone can unlock and open
doors and windows easily.
Review your plan regularly, especially if you make any changes
in your home.
1. Raise the alarm
If your smoke alarm goes off while you are asleep, don't investigate
to see if there is a fire. Shout to wake everyone up, get everyone
together, follow your plan and get out. Check doors with the back
hand - if they are warm, do not open them - the fire is on the other
there is a lot of smoke, crawl along with your nose near the floor
where the air will be cleaner.
Be prepared - Plan your escape
Published by Home Office Communications Directories Sept 2000
Escaping from a window
you are on the ground floor or first floor you may be able to escape
from a window. If you have to break the window, cover the jagged
glass with towels or thick bedding.
some more bedding out of the window to break your fall. Don't jump
out of the window - lower yourself down to arms length and drop
to the ground.
you have any children or elderly or disabled people with you, plan
the order you will escape in so that you can help them down.
Don't go back inside your home
the Fire Brigade from a mobile phone, a neighbour's house or a phone
box. give the address of the fire.
stop or go back for anything.
What to do if your escape route
Get everyone into one room and close the door. smoke and fumes
can kill people quickly, so put bedding or towels along the bottom
of the door to seal the gap.
Open the window and stay near it for fresh air and to let the
firefighters see you.
Phone the fire Brigade or shout for help so that someone else
can phone for you.